Identification or judgments are the road way towards the analyzing, comprehension and treatment of an illness whether it is big or small. When it comes to a disease like Osteoporosis, a deep analysis is required to get an accurate prevention. The first step towards the Osteoporosis Testing is to check the Bone Mineral Density or BMD test in a patient. A BMD test recognizes the actual condition of a person’s bone density and helps prevent the fractures that are even unseen and can be felt by severe pains by the patient.
The screening test of Bone Density is the first step towards the cure. The X-ray or bone density test is called the Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry or DEXA test. This is an easy and fast way to check the bone’s present condition in the patients. The test verifies the bone density in two parts of the body, the hips and the lower spine. At times, the doctors can also check the patient’s wrists.
Normally, the results of the test are defined in two parts:
- T score: T score defines the person’s bone density by comparing it with a common young adult with an age of 20 to 25.
- Z score: In Z score a doctor compares the bone density of the patient with the people of same age group and sex.
If the result of T score is -1 or -2.5, it is said that the patient has Osteoporosis. If the T score is very low in a patient, it proves that he/she has a severe osteoporosis. The T-score test is been recognized as a very important method in Osteoporosis Testing. The Z score is also measured in the same approach. The Z score is more serious than the T score as in this test the patient is been compared to another patient of the same age.
The Osteoporosis Testing method through DEXA is very uncomplicated and result-oriented. Mostly, the patients are given Calcium and Antacid supplements before the test. It is a test of approximately 15 minutes and during the test the patients are not allowed to wear any cloth or metal ornament or jewelry.
A doctor also recommends a bone density test for the patients in every two years to find out all current changes in the bones. In the BMD test the doctors also do blood and urine test. These tests also help to find out the other conditions of the body. The blood test is done to check the cell counts, the existence of thyroid, phosphorus, Vitamins, Alkaline, Protein, Parathyroid hormones etc. Doctors also do tests to see if the patient has any kidney or liver problems, Pagets or ostemalacia infection etc. They also do the patient’s urine tests to find out the level of Calcium, Protein and Hydroxyproline in the urine.
The National Osteoporosis Foundation has recommended the patients who do not have any complain of pains in the bones or weakness should also for a BMD test. Especially, those women who are in the age of 65 and more. The post menopausal women who are young and have fractures in the waste or hips should go for an immediate BMD test.